Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) may be the oldest medical specialty in the United States. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained within the medical and surgical management and treatments for patients with diseases and disorders from the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. They can be typically called ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of your ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, and also structures of your neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the treating of ear disorders. They can be trained within both the medical and surgical procedures of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and a few cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, rendering it just about the most common health complaints in the united states. Good care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngologist los angeles. Problems inside the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating meals all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases from the throat, larynx (voice box), as well as the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The pinnacle and neck?
This area of the body includes the most important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the look of your face. Within the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are taught to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of your face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists will be ready to start practicing after completing around 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To qualify for certification with the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (4 years), as well as at least 5 years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a 1- or two- year fellowship for further extensive education in one among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these simple eight areas.
Which are the seven parts of expertise in the field of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and also other sensitivities which affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities in the neck and face and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hairloss as well as other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors in the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), like the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump from the neck or thyroid, cancer of the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of your throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: a sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases of your ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing difficulties; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing from the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in youngsters with special ENT problems including birth defects of the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders of the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, loss of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists change from many physicians in they are trained both in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not require to refer patients with other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, can provide the best take care of every individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most appropriate physicians to take care of disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of your head and neck.